10 Steps to be a PRO in the Industrial Photography
In photography exists different types; fashion, portraits, photojournalism, experimental/conceptual, sports, publicity (products) and of course our subject of today the industrial photography. We’re going to talk about more about the industrial photography and the steps you need to follow to be a PRO in this type of photo.
Let’s go step by step to know how to take a good picture in this photography subject
The industrial photography takes charge of everything about factories of course; it works perfectly for the enterprises publicity, architecture and governmental business. We take pictures of buildings, factories, houses, parks, conferences, theatres, construction and everything that have to do with structures without lot of people involved.
1. The Light
With the industrial photography we work most of the time with the natural light, because all these constructions are outdoor, also it’s really good to work with the sunrise and the sunset; this gives us beautiful colors in the materials and of course in the background.
2. The Diaphragm
It all depends at what time we’re taking the pictures, but I highly recommend to use the diaphragm very high, but why: this will make all the lights looks like stars (the picture will be beautiful) and also because in the daylight the natural light will be really strong; so you need to balance the openness of the lens.
3. The Velocity
One good thing about this type of photography is that we can use low velocities to take our pictures if we use a high diaphragm; don’t having people moving in the pictures makes everything easier. Also, you can have “movement” if you want to show how works the factory, it could be the person or an object (this will be second background) but is really valid too.
4. The Lines
Everything in the photography industry is about the lines, yes, lines! You need to be careful about this; everything has to be very symmetrical and well organized in the photo. The thing about the industrial photography is that we take structures without emotions and we make with them a beautiful piece of art.
5. The Security
If you’re going to take pictures in a fabric or in a place very high to catch the whole factory/structure, you need to be very careful with yourself and use all the security rules. You can bring it by your own equipment, but the most popular is that the enterprise will give you all the security accessories; carabineers, rope, helmet, harness and ATC (basically all the climbing/rappelling accessories) Also, you need to have the rope of your camera around the neck and maybe some weight for the stability of your body and the camera’s body (only if you have a tripod with the camera).
6. The Tripod
To use low velocities as we said before you need to put your camera in a good tripod, such as the manfrotto brand (highly recommended). This will give you the stability to use low velocities, do a panoramic and to have the light you want into the picture.
7. The ISO
Never use the ISO to high; most of the time these pictures will go in a big format and you need to have the best quality of it. Be careful with this, if you want to have the best quality don’t go up too high with the ISO (it will give you a grainy picture), put down first the velocity and then the diaphragm if you need more light.
8. Go UP or Go DOWN
To have a beautiful picture in the industrial sector, you need to move a lot; it means that you need to climb or go to the floor to have THE PICTURE, that’s why security rules are so important here. In this type of photography you need to take everything or the most you can; you want to show the whole structure form a different point of view.
For the industrial photography “The Panoramic” is very popular, you’re going to use these with your tripod and movement taking several pictures; one following the other one, and in the postproduction you’ll unify everything; this works pretty well if you have wide/open angle of your lens (18mm or less) sometimes if the structure is to big even the 18mm is not enough, so you can also use the Fish Eye Lens to have an artistic and personal touch to your pictures.
10. HDR (High Dynamic Range) or LDR (Low Dynamic Range)
One good thing to do in this type of photography is the HDR (High Dynamic Range) and also the LDH (Low Dynamic Range). The HDR will help you to have an image as our eyes vision; which I found it very interesting.
To do this you’ll take 3 pictures of the same frame; one normal/regular shoot with the right parameters, another one very lightly of the same (more openness is the diaphragm or with a low velocity) and the third one more darker (low diaphragm or a higher velocity) after in Abode Bridge you’ll mix the 3 of them and this will give you the lights and shadows that were missing; this works very well with the indoor structures, such as the theatres.
With these 10 steps you’ll kick your ass in the Industrial Photography, all you need is to take your camera and practice in the street. Good luck and see you in the next post!